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南京朗閣8月10日托福獨立寫作考題預測

時間:2019-08-07 13:51來源:朗閣小編作者:南京朗閣
托福寫作8月10日預測獨立寫作部分 1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Universities should require the first-year students to take courses on study habits. 解題思路:Agree Reason1: To help them prepare

  托福寫作8月10日預測——獨立寫作部分

  1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Universities should require the first-year students to take courses on study habits.

  解題思路:Agree

  Reason1: To help them prepare for school life, as a result, they will adjust themselves to university study more efficiently. 因為大學的課程設置和作息時間和之前中學或者小學的有明顯的不同,有很多學科不管是在難度上還是在課時上都有所增加。開設與學習習慣相關的課程,不僅可以幫助大一新生快速適應大學的課程安排,還能夠幫助他們有效地利用時間。+具體論證。

  Reason 2: Taking courses about study habits can benefit students lifelong.學習習慣不僅僅局限于課本上的知識方面,更和學生以后的人生息息相關。讓學生掌握好善于學習的好習慣,可以讓他們終生受益。+具體論證。

  Concession:確實,學習習慣是從小就開始養成的,到大學的時候再去專門開設課程去教授,可能對于一部分同學來說比較難以適應,畢竟之前的學習習慣他們已經很熟悉了,再去突然接受一種新的習慣去學習,他們會浪費寶貴的時間在適應和調整方面,進而會影響他們的學習成績。但是,學校可以開設不同的學習習慣相關的課程,學生們可以根據自己的興趣和喜好,選擇自己最感興趣和最容易接受的學習習慣。

  2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Primary school should spend more time on teaching young students (5-11 years old) technology (like computer) than on teaching music and art.

  題型:利弊分析題型

  以下是筆者給出參考:不支持該論點,認為還是應該spend more time on teaching music and art。

  首先,學習藝術和音樂可以激發創造力和想象力,這對低齡學生來說是更重要的素質能力,對他們的一生都有好處。On the one hand, learning art and music stimulates creativity and imagination, which are more essential qualities for young students and would benefit them for whole life. 比如,孩子可以通過繪畫去構建自己的想象世界,可以通過有意或無意的哼唱歌曲去進行簡單創作Children can construct their own imaginary world through painting, and they can create simple works by humming songs intentionally or unintentionally。在兒童時期,鼓勵兒童去接觸藝術更能給他們帶來一種創造性的成就感Encouraging children to be more exposed to art can bring them a sense of creative achievement。兒童繪畫和音樂是可以較快完成的,從而讓孩子能夠有成就感,不像計算機知識,不容易讓這個年紀的學生真正做出什么有趣的成果,且創造性的培養不如繪畫。而且,據研究表明,兒童時期是培養創造和想象力的關鍵時期,過了這個時期,這方面的能力發展就不明顯了According to related research, childhood at this age is the key period to develop creativity and imagination, after which the development of this ability is not obvious.。所以更應該抓緊時間多學習藝術與音樂。而與計算機有關的知識和操作的學習,是可以以后在做的。

  另一方面,給低齡學生更多的機會使用電腦可能會使他們上癮On the Other hand, giving early-age students more chances to use computer might cause their addiction。 這個年紀的學生自律性很差Students at this age usually have poor self-discipline. 如果他們有更多的機會使用電腦,他們更有可能沉迷于游戲、應用程序和網絡上的分散學生注意力的內容they are more likely to get addicted to games, applications, and other distractions on the Internet, if they got more chances to use computer。舉例論證。

  讓步段:有的人可能會說,學習計算機課程,可以讓孩子跟上科技的步伐,盡早掌握科技知識和使用Some people may say that learning things about computer can help children keep up with the pace of science and technology and master the knowledge and usage of this technology as early as possible。但是,對于這個年齡段的孩子,單純的計算機知識或功能性操作相對而言比較枯燥,他們不容易感興趣,且不容易掌握For students at this age, pure computer knowledge or functional operations are relatively boring, in which they show less interest, and are too difficult to learn。何況,即便現在學會了一部分操作技巧,實際上,他們也并沒有什么實踐機會,不運用,很快會遺忘,也就沒有學習計算機的意義了Besides, even if they have learned some operating skills now, in fact, they do not have many practice opportunities. If they do not use, they will soon forget, which makes more time put on computer learning meaningless。

  3. Taking more time to make an important decision is always seemed as a bad quality, but, in fact, it is a good quality for people to have.

  本題可以看成是利弊分析題進行處理,以下是給出的參考:

  解題思路:否定立場

  1. The first aspect to point out is that what provokes people to make quick decisions is showing their analytical ability. As a matter of fact, one of the rigors of modern hectic life is that people’s lives have a lot of ups and downs and people face with complicated situations that they need to cope with these problems as soon as possible. (快速做決定能夠反映分析問題的能力,這在當今變化莫測的生活中是必要的能力。)

  2. The further subtle point is that seizing precious opportunities can be considered another remarkable advantage of making immediate decisions. It is absolutely undeniable, in the competitive world of today, people should grasp opportunities in order to make promising future for themselves. In this way, they need to be health-conscious because opportunities may vanish in a blink of an eye. (快速做決定也能幫助人們抓住機會,而機會轉瞬即逝,所以快速決定的品質尤為重要。)

  3. 讓步段: Granted, taking more time to make a decision may help leave others a reliable impression. (這是一個讓步段,簡單說明盡管花更多時間做決定可以讓別人覺得你可靠,但是決定本身可靠與否并不取決于做決定的時間。)

  4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Experts suggest parents should limit the time children under 13 spend on electronic devices, such as computers, cell phones except for homework.

  以下是筆者給的參考:

  觀點:Agree

  分論點1:花太多的時間在電子設備上會對孩子的身體健康有害(be detrimental to their physical fitness)

  分論點2:花太多時間在電子設備上,尤其是用于作業,會限制孩子的想象力和創造力(limit and stifle their imagination and creativity)

  讓步:確實,電子設備會對孩子在學習上有一定的幫助,比如:有很多有意思的視頻會引起孩子學習的興趣 (stimulate children’s study enthusiasm);網上的一些信息可以給孩子提供好的解決問題的方法。但是,這些有意思的視頻會讓孩子沉迷網絡(indulge themselves in the Internet),脫離現實 (be detached from reality),影響他們的人際交往和身體健康(negatively affect their social interaction and physical condition);此外,孩子會更依賴網上的信息來解決問題,從而失去了思辨能力(fail to think critically),這對孩子的長期發展是不好的 (be harmful to children’s long-term development)。

  5. Do you agree or disagree that the most important goal of education is to teach people how to educate themselves.

  以下是筆者給的參考:

  以下是筆者給出的一個參考答案:

  題目中含有絕對詞“most”,理論上不同意更好寫。筆者的觀點是educate themselves不是最重要的目的,因為不同的教育階段教育的目的各不相同, 然后采用拆分法將education拆分成 小學教育,大學教育說出他們分別的目標,最后讓步。

  理由一:小學階段是為了樹立正確的價值觀和傳授基本的識字算數能力。(Firstly, the primary purpose of elementary education is to build correct values and impart basic knowledge like calculating and writing.(+具體事例) )

  理由二:大學階段最重要的目的是教授學生專業知識,鍛煉能力,從而找到理想工作。(Secondly, the major goal of higher education is teaching professional knowledge and practicing skills. As we all know, college education is such a transitional period from students to employees.)

  讓步段:誠然,培養人們自我教育能力確實也是一個重要的目標,因為在學校學到的知識總是有限的,所以遇到新的情況只能通過自學來解決。(Admittedly, the ability of educating oneself is something we need to get from school education, in that what we can acquire in schools is limited. However, when compared with these explanations and details I just provided to support my position, this statement looks particularly lackluster. Consequently, I am still convinced that teaching people how to educate themselves is not the most important goal, for we have different requirement in different study periods.)

  6. Doing which activity do you think can help you strengthen the friendship between you and your friend?

  - having a good time together with your friend

  - solving your friend’s problem with him or her

  題型:利弊分析題型

  以下是筆者給出參考:支持having a good time together with your friend

  首先,和朋友一起玩是發現和進一步發展共同興趣的好方法(having fun with friends is an excellent way to find and further common interest)。解釋句:In a relaxing atmosphere, people are more likely to communicate and interact freely, which is a great opportunity to extend topic to their interest. Once finding similar interest, friends would hang out more frequently. 舉例論證。

  另一方面,與朋友共度時光,有時,可以幫助加強默契的合作enjoying time with friends, sometimes, can help strengthen cooperation and tacit understanding。解釋句:When having fun together, people often play some games or matches. In some cases, friends need to collaborate and discuss strategies. 舉例論證。

  讓步段:確實,幫助朋友解決困難也能升華友誼,因為朋友會感激你為他所做的事情Admittedly, helping a friend out of a difficult situation can improve friendship, because he/she will appreciate what you have done。但是在日常生活中,朋友遇到小麻煩,往往可以自己解決,并不需要我們幫助Yet, in daily life, friends who encounter small troubles can figure out on their own and do not need any help。而遇到大麻煩,我們的能力是有限的,往往不一定能能給處于困境中的朋友提供及時有效的幫助If in big a trouble, we may not be able to provide timely and effective help to our friends as our ability is limited。何況大麻煩是小概率事件,而have fun with friends是非常普遍的。所謂朋友,一定是在一起開心放松的人The so-called friend must be someone makes you happy and relaxed staying with each other。

(責任編輯:kid)

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